Skip to main content

Orthopaedic spine research 

Blunt Cerebrovascular Injury in Cervical Trauma Patients

PI, Michael Haak, MD

The purpose of this study is to determine the incidence of vertebral artery injury in cervical spine injuries and assess neurological outcomes in patients with cervical spine fractures diagnosed with asymptomatic blunt cerebral vascular injury. All patients who sustain a cervical spine injury receive a Computed Tomography Angiogram (CTA) per Geisinger Clinic protocol. Often patients are diagnosed with a Blunt Cerebral Vascular Injury (BCVI) based on imaging with no accompanying neurologic symptoms. The literature is limited on neurologic outcomes of patients with asymptomatic positive CTA imaging for BCVI.  

Preoperative or Pre-injury Opioid Use as a Predictor of Functional Outcomes and Chronic Opioid Use Following Spine Surgery or Trauma

PI, Michael Haak, MD

This study aims to identify preoperative and postoperative opioid use to determine which factors may increase the risk of chronic opioid use and poor outcomes postoperatively.  

Incidence of Infection and Complications After Spinal Cord Stimulator Implantation: A Single Center, Retrospective Review

PI, Michael Haak, MD

This study is a single center, retrospective review of the incidence of infection and complications after spinal cord stimulator implantation.